Mark 13:24-37 | Wake Up! The Second Coming of Jesus Christ

September 6, 2021
Book: Mark
Series: Mark

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Every generation for the last two thousand years has believed at some point they were living in the Last Days. We look at the world stage and see the wars and hear about rumors of more wars. We see nature raging against itself with hurricanes. We feel the impact of our finances on inflation. 
We see pictures and read stories of how Christians are brutally murdered because they will not recant Christ. We think people are immoral now—but the biblical truth is that the final days of this world will be marked by unrestrained immorality. Now, I know that’s a dark picture. But, Jesus doesn’t leave us in the dark. He gives us the information that we need in today’s text to be the light of the world right here in the Verde Valley. He has given us Truth. What is today’s truth? Let’s find out!

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Full Sermon Transcript

Dustin Daniels | River Bible Church
Mark 13:24-37 | Wake Up! The Second Coming of Jesus Christ
September 5, 2021

WELCOME:
Please turn your Bibles to Mark 13:24-37
Bibles in back—our gift to you.
REVIEW:
We are in the middle of our verse by verse study of Mark Chapter 13.
Mark Chapter 13—it’s one of the most challenging chapters in Mark’s Gospel.
It’s called the Olivet discourse because Jesus gives this lesson to His Disciples on the Mount of Olives overlooking the Temple.
Last Sunday, I mentioned breaking this chapter into four sections, but I’ve decided to do it in three.
The reason for that is because the whole chapter is one extended response to the Disciples question in verse 4.
They asked, “when will things happen and what will be the sign that these things will be accomplished?”
So, if we break this chapter apart too much, we’ll miss the overall context of Jesus’ answer.
And, my concern is that if I have to spend another week talking about the End of the World, I’m going to have to call a counselor for depression.
Chapter 13 is difficult to understand—it’s not impossible to understand.
So let me recap last week’s sermon to get us up to speed.

Jesus taught us about two separate events—called Tribulations.

The first event was the tribulation that took place in 70AD with the Fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple.

The second event is the Great Tribulation that will happen soon.
Jesus taught that a particular sign would trigger both of these tribulations.

This sign is a double fulfillment because the sign is used in both.

That sign is the abomination of desolation standing where he should not be. (Mark 13:14).
He—Antichrist—a person who opposes the Lord Jesus Christ and His church.

KEYPOINT
The abomination of desolation is a sacrilegious act that results in widespread destruction.

So just as the tribulation is not a single event, the AntiChrist is not a single person.

We learned about Titus and how he also was an Antichrist.

He is the Roman officer who gets most of the credit for the destruction of the Temple in 70AD.
KEYPOINT:
The tribulation of the Temple in 70AD was a foreshadowing of the final events of The Great Tribulation.
In other words, all that destruction, death, and fear from last week is just a sign of what is to come.

That’s all a review from last Sunday.
INTRODUCTION:
Every generation for the last two thousand years has believed at some point they were living in the Last Days.
And some of us think that today.
We think to ourselves, “How can it get worse than it is right now?”
This week’s headline news—
We look at the world stage and see the wars and hear about rumors of more wars.
We see nature raging against itself with hurricanes.
We feel the impact of our finances on inflation.
We see pictures and read stories of how Christians are brutally murdered because they will not recant Christ.
We think people are immoral now—but the biblical truth is that the final days of this world will be marked by unrestrained immorality.
And yet, from a Biblical perspective—Jesus says all of these things are…birth pains.

The world is becoming more and more wicked because of mankind’s sin.

Because of our own wicked desires.

Sin is rebellion against a holy God.

And sin has consequences.

cf. James 1:14—But each person is tempted when he is drawn away and enticed by his own evil desire.

cf. James 1:15— Then after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is fully grown, it gives birth to death.

Sin leads to death—spiritually, emotionally, physically.
Now, I know that’s a dark picture.
But, Jesus doesn’t leave us in the dark.
He gives us the information that we need in today’s text to be the light of the world right here in the Verde Valley.
He has given us Truth.
We are to share this truth with our children and grandchildren.
We are to proclaim this Truth with our neighbors.
We are to herald this Truth with every person God puts in our path as a God Intersection or a Divine disruption to our plans.
What is today’s truth? Let’s find out.
*Please stand for the reading and honoring of God’s Word.*

SCRIPTURE: Mark 13:24-37 CSB
Mark 13:24—“But in those days, after that tribulation: The sun will be darkened, and the moon will not shed its light;
Mark 13:25— the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken.
Mark 13:26— Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
Mark 13:27— He will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
Mark 13:28— “Learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its branch becomes tender and sprouts leaves, you know that summer is near.
Mark 13:29— In the same way, when you see these things happening, recognize that he is near—at the door.

Mark 13:30— “Truly I tell you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things take place.
Mark 13:31—Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
Mark 13:32— “Now concerning that day or hour no one knows—neither the angels in heaven nor the Son—but only the Father.
Mark 13:33— “Watch! Be alert! For you don’t know when the time is coming.

Mark 13:34— “It is like a man on a journey, who left his house, gave authority to his servants, gave each one his work, and commanded the doorkeeper to be alert.
Mark 13:35— Therefore be alert, since you don’t know when the master of the house is coming—whether in the evening or at midnight or at the crowing of the rooster or early in the morning.
Mark 13:36— Otherwise, when he comes suddenly he might find you sleeping.
Mark 13:37— And what I say to you, I say to everyone: Be alert!”

PRAY:

EXEGESIS:
Mark 13:24—“But in those days, after that tribulation: The sun will be darkened, and the moon will not shed its light;
Last week we learned of the earthly signs before both tribulations.
Jesus is now giving us cosmic signs after the Great Tribulation.
The Great Tribulation is the one to come, not the one that happened in 70 AD with the nation of Israel.
Verse 24 begins with the word, “But.”
Jesus is making a transition from the Great Tribulation to His Second Coming.

Mark 13:24—“But in those days, after that tribulation:

It’s important to note that the Great Tribulation and Jesus’ Second Coming are two separate events.

It’s a bit confusing because there are multiple events that fall under the Doctrine of Eschatology—the study of the end times.
“Those days”— reference to seven years of the Great Tribulation.
Jesus is clearly speaking of His Second Coming in verse 24, because He says “after.”

Notice the order, after the Great Tribulation—things gets worse—not better.

Mark 13:24—The sun will be darkened, and the moon will not shed its light;

The disciples know precisely what Jesus is talking about because Jesus is filling prophecy from the OT.
cf. Isaiah 13:10— Indeed, the stars of the sky and its constellations
will not give their light. The sun will be dark when it rises, and the moon will not shine.
cf. Joel 2:10— The earth quakes before them; the sky shakes. The sun and moon grow dark, and the stars cease their shining.
These prophets prophesied the End of the World hundreds of years before Jesus was born.
So what are the details of The Great Tribulation? Is this all we know?
Is God holding out on us? Did He leave us here to figure this stuff out on our own?
No, dear friends, He did tell us what to expect.
And the details of the Great Tribulation can be found in Revelation 6-19.
Jesus is referring to all the seals, the scrolls, the trumpets, and the bowl judgments.
Now some of you could make a good case for saying Jesus is using this kind of apocalyptic language, symbolically.
Because there is no question that the Old Testament prophets used this kind of language to warn people of the impending judgment of God.

But, Jesus is not just a prophet; He is the Son of Man and the Son of God.
Jesus is the one who fulfills what the prophets have said in the OT.
So Jesus is not speaking figuratively, but literally—

The sun will go dark and the stars will fall from the sky.
In fact, as we move to verse 25 you’ll notice here that Jesus’ description of His Second Coming almost comes entirely from OT Scripture.
Jesus is revealing to His Disciples and us—how valid and true Scripture is—because He is getting ready to cross every t, and dot every i.
Mark 13:25— the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken.
Sound familiar—the Prophets Isaiah and Joel said the same thing.

The psalmist tells us that God has counted all the stars and has even given them names. (Psalm 147:4).
And it is this same God who will command them to spin out of control—out of their orbits.
The picture in verses 24-25 is of total cosmic collapse.

Unadulterated darkness.

You will not be able to see your hand in front of your face.

You will feel the darkness, the wickedness and the judgement.

Darkness and chaos will overpower everything.

There will be no tides in the ocean—the waters will flood the Earth, along with earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunami’s.

There will be no light…whatsoever.
Your phone will not work, nor will your flashlights, or your End of Times solar panels that you bought from an infomercial.

Nothing will work. Why?
KEYPOINT #1:
The darkness is a physical picture of mankind’s spiritual condition.

This type of darkness will cause people to panic, so much so, that many people will lose their minds.
A year ago, people were fighting in the supermarkets for toilet paper.
You’ve heard stories of people getting into fistfights because of the mask or no mask policies.
People are still living with their anxiety at an all-time high because of their fear of COVID.

In other words, they fear COVID more than God.
What do you think is going to happen when the world watches the sun go dark?
How are people going to react to the stars falling out of the sky?

They will faint, have panic attacks and heart attacks.

The fear will literally kill them.

And it’s out of this blackness, this hopelessness, and helplessness comes verse 26.
Mark 13:26— Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
Then…they will see the holiness of God.

The whole world will be in complete darkness for an unknown period of time—why?
So that all the world will see Jesus return.

The only light that people will see is Jesus coming from Heaven.
Jesus will fulfill the prophecy of—
cf. Daniel 7:13—and suddenly one like a son of man
was coming with the clouds of heaven.
The world didn’t even blink when Jesus came the first time.
Not so, here with the Second Coming.

The picture is Jesus’ holiness, majesty, triumph, and power over sin.
The whole world will see Jesus for who He truly is—a holy, holy, holy God.

And mankind will feel His wrath on sin.
Back to…
Mark 13:26— Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds
Let’s talk about these clouds.
These are not like Cottonwood rain clouds during a monsoon.
Clouds in the OT symbolize the presence and glory of God.
God went before Israel in a cloud—called the Shekinah. (Exod. 13:21–22; 14:24)
And now Jesus is returning in a glorious cloud.
Jesus rides the clouds like a divine chariot (cf. Ps. 104:3; Isa. 19:1)
cf. Psalm 104:2—He wraps himself in light as if it were a robe,
spreading out the sky like a canopy,
cf. Psalm 104:3— laying the beams of his palace
on the waters above,
making the clouds his chariot,
walking on the wings of the wind,
Everyone will see this event.

Jesus goes on…
Mark 13:27— He will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
Scripture tells us that Jesus will be joined by “tens of thousands of holy ones.” (Jude 14).
So who are these “holy ones?”
Angels and glorified saints that make up a heavenly army. (Matt. 24:31; 25:31; Mark 8:38; 2 Thess. 1:7, Col. 3:4; 1 Thess. 3:13; Rev. 19:14).
The raptured church is going to be there as well. (John 14:1–3; 1 Cor. 15:51–52; 1 Thess. 4:15–18; Rev. 3:10),
More on the rapture in a moment.
In verse 27, Jesus refers to His Elect—God’s chosen people— once again.
This reference is to the believers who have survived the Great Tribulation only by God’s grace—He will gather all these people.
This verse provides a blessed assurance that there is no place in all creation where the elect will be overlooked or forgotten.

Mark 13:28— “Learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its branch becomes tender and sprouts leaves, you know that summer is near.
Mark 13:29— In the same way, when you see these things happening, recognize that he is near—at the door.
Jesus now wants to emphasize what He just said through a parable.
This parable is not complicated for anyone to understand.

When we see leaves sprouting in the spring, we know that summer is close.

In the same way, when we witness the sun go black and the stars dropping out of the sky, the return of Jesus is close.
Mark 13:30— “Truly I tell you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things take place.
Who is “this generation?”
It can’t be the Twelve or the generation of Jewish people in the first century.
Although they did witness the destruction of the Temple in 70AD, they certainly didn’t see the sun darkened, the stars falling from the sky, or Jesus coming back in the clouds.
So, this generation refers to the people that go through Great Tribulation.
The Great Tribulation lasts seven years, and the elect will survive all those horrible things to see the return of Christ.
Mark 13:31—Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
Dear friends, that is a sobering statement.

Jesus is saying that His words are unchanging.

Jesus is reiterating what the prophet Isaiah said:

cf. Isaiah 40:6—“All humanity is grass,
and all its goodness is like the flower of the field.

cf. Isaiah 40:7— The grass withers, the flowers fade
when the breath of the Lord blows on them;
indeed, the people are grass.

cf. Isaiah 40:8— The grass withers, the flowers fade,
but the word of our God remains forever.”

Jesus goes on to reiterate this point…
cf. Matthew 5:17— “Don’t think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.
cf. Matthew 5:18— For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or one stroke of a letter will pass away from the law until all things are accomplished.
Verses 30 and 31 assures us that these signs are truth—and truth is reality.
He is reassuring the future Tribulation generation and giving them hope.
Mark 13:32— “Now concerning that day or hour no one knows—neither the angels in heaven nor the Son—but only the Father.
Verse 32 is so simple and straightforward, and yet we in the Church have some crazy uncles who spend their time trying to figure out the date and time of Jesus’ Second Coming.
“No one” means no one!
If you are busy charting graphs and calculations and dates—
Dear friend, you’re disobedient to the Word of God. Why?
You’re not spiritually productive in the Verde Valley.

You’re wasting your time and not doing the one thing that Jesus told His Church to do—share the Gospel.

Back to…
Mark 13:32—…neither the angels in heaven nor the Son—but only the Father.

Make a note here, this is interesting—this is the only time Jesus uses the title “the Son.”
Jesus’ favorite title for Himself is “the Son of Man.”
Why does Jesus refer to Himself as the “the Son” in verse 32?
He is reiterating to the Disciples and us that He is co-equal to the Father.
Now, this verse contains an amazing paradox.
Jesus makes a statement of His divinity and then immediately admits his ignorance.
This points us back to the mystery of the Trinity.
God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
They are three in one and one in three.
Each person of the Trinity has a different and unique role in the Godhead.
Scripture uses that term, “Son of God,” so that we as human beings can understand the relationship within the Godhead.

It’s God speaking “humanese.”
It’s in verse like this where we see the perfect obedience of Jesus played out to God the Father.
In that obedience, Jesus leaves the future date and time of His return in the Father’s hands.

Jesus shows us how the date and time of His Second Coming is not His responsibility.
KEYPOINT #2:
Jesus admits what He doesn’t know. Can you?

Sidenote: Jesus does know the date and time after His resurrection. Read Acts 1:6-7.

Since Jesus Himself doesn’t know the date or time of His Second coming, Jesus gives a stern warning.
Mark 13:33— “Watch! Be alert! For you don’t know when the time is coming.
The idea here is “wake up!”

Jesus now goes on to reiterate His statement with a parable.
Mark 13:34— “It is like a man on a journey, who left his house, gave authority to his servants, gave each one his work, and commanded the doorkeeper to be alert.
Jesus goes into parable mode again.
Mark 13:35— Therefore be alert, since you don’t know when the master of the house is coming—whether in the evening or at midnight or at the crowing of the rooster or early in the morning.
Jesus continues to say the same thing over and over—wake up!
What’s the point of the parable?

KEYPOINT #3:
If we are not ready for the hour of testing, we will not be ready for the day of Jesus’ return.
Mark 13:36— Otherwise, when he comes suddenly he might find you sleeping.
We have a lot to learn from the Disciples about sleeping.
We’ll get to the next chapter—Mark 14— and we’ll see the disciples sleeping through prayer time—not good!
They could not keep their eyes open when Jesus needed them most.
How tragic, and that’s why Jesus says…
Mark 13:37— And what I say to you, I say to everyone: Be alert!”
“Be Alert”—Wake up!
The point is perpetual readiness.
PREACH:
Jesus told you to be ready for times in this passage.
Are you?

Are you ready to meet Jesus face to face?

Newsflash, dear friends, you are going to die.

The death rate holds steady at 100%.

You will either die or be raptured.

Death is a reality that most of don’t like to ponder.
There is a meeting that is on your spiritual calendar, and you will not be late for it.
Regardless if you make the joyride with the rapture or go through the Great Tribulation, or maybe your meeting date is tomorrow.
“Your days are determined.” —Job 14:5
“It is appointed for people to die once—and after this, judgment.”  —Hebrews 9:27
If you have called on Jesus as Lord and Savior and repented from your sin—the good news is that your judgment for sin has been paid for by Jesus.
But, if you have not repented. If you don’t believe that Jesus walked out of His own grave conquering sin and death, then dear friend, Jesus is not your Savior—He is your judge.
And you will pay for your sin for eternity in a very real place called hell.

cf. Hebrews 10:31—It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
It’s serious stuff—and I pray that you would do some business with God today.
Now, last Sunday, after service, several of you asked me the same question.
“So when’s the rapture?”
Let me say this.

First and foremost, the rapture is not just a pop song by Blondie.
The rapture is a separate event that is clearly in Scripture:
Jesus says…
John 14:3— If I go away and prepare a place for you, I will come again and take you to myself, so that where I am you may be also.
The apostle Paul says,
1 Corinthians 15:51— Listen, I am telling you a mystery: We will not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed,

1 Corinthians 15:52— in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we will be changed.

Paul tells the Thessalonians…
1 Thessalonians 4:15—  For we say this to you by a word from the Lord: We who are still alive at the Lord’s coming will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep.
1 Thessalonians 4:16—  For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the archangel’s voice, and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.
1 Thessalonians 4:17—  Then we who are still alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 4:18—  Therefore, encourage one another with these words.

The rapture is a glorious event. Here’s why—

The rapture is a snatching away of the church from this world.
So the big question is, when?

I actually have a two answers— A long answer and a short one.
Ready? Let’s start with the long first.

Did you happen to notice that a trumpet call would be signal of the rapture?

The trumpet was used to gather Israel to meet with God during the Exodus. (Ex. 19:16-19, Isa. 27:13).

When Joshua led the Israelite Army to conquer Jericho, what they do?

They blew trumpets to announce the presence of God, and then they overtook the city.

Now, let’s back up a few days in Mark’s Gospel to put the rapture in perspective.

Monday was “lamb selection day” for Passover.

Jesus was the “lamb of God to take away our sins.” (John 1:29)

And Jesus rides into Jerusalem with his Triumphal entry into the city on Monday.

On Tuesday, Jesus cleans out the Temple.

Wednesday has been a very long day for Jesus, as He taught in the Temple and is giving this Olivet Discourse on Wednesday evening.

On Thursday, Jesus celebrates Passover with the Disciples.

On Friday, We Jesus is crucified outside the city.

Jesus is buried the next day during the feast of Unleavened Bread.

Jesus is then raised on the day of Feast of First Fruits—Resurrection Sunday.

Jesus then sends the Holy Spirit during the Feast of Weeks— Pentecost.

All that to show you that the Feast of Trumpets is next.

The Israelite’s would celebrate the Lord’s presence by blowing trumpets.

Is it possible that the rapture may take place during the Festival of Trumpets?

And then maybe, just maybe, His second coming would come on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur),

And then lastly He would establish His Kingdom on Earth during the feast of Tabernacles, because He Himself is the true Tabernacle?

So let me ask you again…when will the rapture?

Here’s the short answer.

The rapture will come when the Gospel is preached to the last person of the Elect.
As we look at Scripture—in the book of Revelation, the church is on the earth in chapters 1, 2, and 3.

It’s in these chapters where Jesus is speaking directly to seven churches.

The church is mentioned 19 times in the first three chapters, and then we have no more instruction to the church until Revelation chapter 19, when Christ returns at the Second Coming.
So Scripture doesn’t say anything about the church on earth for the majority of the book of Revelation.

If the church were on the earth at this time, wouldn’t it seem odd to you that Jesus doesn’t provide any instructions to the church on what to do?

That is a huge clue for the church and our eschatology because every other epistle gives specific instructions to the Church.

So when does the rapture happen?

Well, Jesus finishes his letter to the Laodicean Church in Revelation chapter 3 and then turns the page in chapter 4— we’re in Heaven.

The rapture happens between Revelation chapters 3 and 4.
Jesus writes to the Church in Philadelphia—

cf. Revelation 3:10—Because you have kept my command to endure, I will also keep you from the hour of testing that is going to come on the whole world to test those who live on the earth. I am coming soon.
If that is not a pre-tribulational rapture verse, I don’t know what is.

“The hour of testing” – is the seven-year timeframe of the Great Tribulation.
Jesus is saying, “I’m going to keep you out of this testing.”—

Tērēsō—“I’m going to keep you safely. I’m going to keep you from injury, harm and danger.”

That’s the whole purpose of the rapture—safety for the church.

Let’s remember that the rapture is an entirely separate event from Jesus’ second coming.

Nowhere in Scripture do we see the cosmic collapse of the universe associated with the rapture.
So all that to say this…
All these signs—the sun darkening, stars falling and seeing the Son of Man coming in clouds deal with His Second Coming.

I hate graphs and charts, so let me give you one here.
So the biggest practical takeaway from this lesson is for you to be spiritually prepared to meet Jesus face to face.

Wake up! Confess your sins, call on the name of Jesus to be saved.

Secondly, as part of River Bible Church, we are to now continue preparing the Verde Valley spiritually as well.
PRAYER ROOM:

PRAYER:

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
PREACHING BIBLE:
Christian Standard Bible. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2020.

BIBLES:
The Apostolic Bible Polygot. edited by Charles Van der Pool. Newport, OR: The Apostolic Press, 2013.

American Standard Version. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1995.

The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2016.

The Holy Bible: King James Version. Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Version. Bellingham, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2009.

Legacy Standard Bible. Irvine, Ca: Steadfast Bibles, 2021.

New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update. La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995.

The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982.

PARAPHRASE BIBLES: (Used as Commentaries)
Biblical Studies Press. The NET Bible First Edition; Bible. English. NET Bible.; The NET Bible. Biblical Studies Press, 2005.
Peterson, Eugene H. The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language. Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress, 2005.
The New International Version. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011.
The Everyday Bible: New Century Version. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 2005.

Tyndale House Publishers. Holy Bible: New Living Translation. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2015.
GOD’S WORD Translation. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing Group, 1995.
COMMENTARIES:
Blight, Richard C. An Exegetical Summary of Mark 9–16. Exegetical Summaries. Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2014.
Blum, Edwin A., and Trevin Wax, eds. CSB Study Bible: Notes. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2017.
Cross, F. L., and Elizabeth A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Crossway Bibles. The ESV Study Bible. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles, 2008.
Edwards, James R. The Gospel according to Mark. The Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI; Leicester, England: Eerdmans; Apollos, 2002.
Fruchtenbaum, Arnold G. Yeshua: The Life of Messiah from a Messianic Jewish Perspective. Vol. 2. San Antonio, TX: Ariel, 2017.
Gaebelein, Frank E., D. A. Carson, Walter W. Wessel, and Walter L. Liefeld. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Matthew, Mark, Luke. Vol. 8. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984.
Garland, David E. Mark. The N.I.V. Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996.
Hiebert, D. Edmond. The Gospel of Mark: An Expositional Commentary. Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University Press, 1994.
Hughes, R. Kent. Mark: Jesus, Servant and Savior. Preaching the Word. Westchester, IL: Crossway Books, 1989.
Kernaghan, Ronald J. Mark. The IVP New Testament Commentary Series. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2007.
MacArthur, John. Mark 9–16. MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Chicago, IL: Moody Publishers, 2015.
McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. Vol. IV. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1982.
Myers, Allen C. The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987.
Osborne, Grant R. Mark. Edited by Mark L. Strauss and John H. Walton. Teach the Text Commentary Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2014.
Sproul, R. C. Mark. First Edition. St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary. Orlando, FL: Reformation Trust, 2011.

DICTIONARIES | ENCYCLOPEDIAS:

MEDIA | SERMONS:
https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/41-67/the-future-tribulation
https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/42-262/celestial-signs-of-the-coming-savior
https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/41-69/the-final-generation-part-1
https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/41-70/the-final-generation-part-2

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